Prahova County is located south of the curvature of the Carpathian Mountains, to the South-Central part of Romania, being crossed by the meridian of 26 º East and the North 45 º parallel. Prahova County occupies an area of 4716 square kilometers, representing 2% of the country surface.
The landscape is varied and displayed in the shape of the amphitheater, harmoniously distributed in mountains (26.2%), hills (36.5%) and plains (37.3%). Between the highest point – Omu Peak (2505m) and the lowest, of 70 m, there is a difference of 2435 m. This kind of structure provides the most varied resources: from coniferous forests, broadleaf forests, alpine meadows, to vineyards, orchards and field crops.
The hydrographic network
Due to the relief features and to the geographical position, the county has a dense hydrographic network, displayed from north to south, which is collected in several major rivers: Prahova, Doftana, Teleajen Cricov, Slanic. Prahova River, the main stream, that gave its name to the county, crosses from North to South.
Prahova County climate is temperate-continental, with lower temperatures in the mountain regions and dominant winds from the North and North-East. The average annual temperature is -2 º C at high altitudes and exceeds 10 º C in the lower regions of the plains; the hottest month of the year is July and the coldest month is January.
Prahova County’s most important natural resources are hydrocarbons and non-metallic minerals, whose mining and processing dominantly contributed to the industrial development of the region, over time. Oil and natural gas are the main natural resources of Prahova County, along with the coal (lignite), bituminous sand, gypsum, limestone, sandstones and conglomerates, marne, bentonite clays, sand and gravel, common clays and mineral waters.